The Soviet Union had similar agreements with many countries that were not directly allied with it but heavily dependent on Soviet support, such as North Korea since 1961, India since 1971, and Vietnam since 1978. The first such agreement, however, was in 1943 with Free France. Under the pact, Finland was obliged to resist armed attacks by Finland “Germany or its allies” (actually interpreted as the United States and its allies) against Finland or the Soviet Union. If necessary, Finland should seek Soviet military aid to do so. However, the pact itself made no provision for the entry of the Soviet army into Finland and provided that all these actions would have to be agreed separately if Finland decided to apply for aid. Moreover, the pact did not require Finland to act in the event of an attack on the Soviet Union (if the attack had not taken place via Finland). The agreement also recognized Finland`s desire to stay out of conflicts between major powers, which allowed the country to pursue a policy of neutrality during the Cold War. Despite the official policy, there was secret cooperation with the West. This ranged from Finnish organizations such as the Social Democratic Party, which accepted funding from the U.S. CENTRAL Intelligence Agency, to the exchange of seismic data on nuclear tests.
Similarly, Eastern Bloc countries have carried out espionage in Finland, for example. B the STASI of the GDR had agents there. Due to the uncertain status of Finnish-Soviet relations in the years following the Continuation War and the precise interpretation of the text of the treaty, Finland followed the decision of the Warsaw Pact countries and did not participate in the Marshall Plan. As a result, Finland`s post-war economic difficulties were prolonged compared to other European capitalist countries, making it much more economically dependent on the Soviet Union. In general, Finland has officially maintained its relations with the Western military powers (including the Scandinavian Defence Union project) and in particular with NATO. By avoiding support for the West, he sought to repel Soviet pressure to join the Warsaw Pact. Joint military exercises never took place, and other military cooperation was minimal despite occasional Soviet progress. .